I have recently found this article by Bozhidar Batsov on opening the current file as root. I barely use tramp for sudo access, but when I do, I almost never use root as the target user. So I decided to fix it for my needs.
(defun open-this-file-as-other-user (user) "Edit current file as USER, using `tramp' and `sudo'. If the current buffer is not visiting a file, prompt for a file name." (interactive "sEdit as user (default: root): ") (when (string= "" user) (setq user "root")) (let* ((filename (or buffer-file-name (read-file-name (format "Find file (as %s): " user)))) (tramp-path (concat (format "/sudo:%s@localhost:" user) filename))) (if buffer-file-name (find-alternate-file tramp-path) (find-file tramp-path))))
If the user is not specified, the default is still root. Also, if the current buffer is not visiting a file, I prompt for a filename. As I’m not an ido user, I didn’t bother calling ido-read-file-name; helm overrides read-file-name for me anyway.
Unlike Bozhidar, I barely use this feature, so I didn’t bind this to a key.